After collecting my luggage, I took a deep breath and walked out of the airport to find my guide. To visit Bhutan, it is mandatory that you have a guide and a driver for the entire stay. Thus, these two people are who I’d be spending the next nine days with during my solo trip to Bhutan. While I get along easily with most people, I desperately hoped we would connect.

Dressed in a gray-colored gho, a pair of black knee-high socks and freshly polished black leather loafers, my guide smiled warmly holding a sign with my name. Nicole Melancon, Trans Bhutan Trail. 

Tashi Delek. I’m Singay. And this is Dorgi, our driver,” Singay said pointing to another young man dressed in a red and green plaid gho, Bhutan’s traditional dress“Welcome to Bhutan”. 

Little did I know, Singay, Dorgi, and I would be great friends by the end of the trip. We made the perfect team, and their jokes, laughter, knowledge, and passion for Bhutan made the trip all the more memorable.

My two new friends. Dorgi (on left) and Singay (on right).

Despite a decent night of sleep, I was incredibly tired. The twelve-hour time difference made the jet lag rather difficult for my first few days in Bhutan but like I always do, I powered through going full speed ahead. Coming from flat Minnesota to mountainous Bhutan, I was also dealing with a bit of altitude. Paro International Airport is located at 7,332 feet (2235 meters) above sea level. While we would be spending the nights in the valleys of Bhutan, the hiking would be higher up in the mountains along the Trans Bhutan Trail. I would acclimate over time but the combination of jet lag, altitude, and incredibly windy roads, made me feel a bit off the first few days.

After putting my luggage in the back of the Toyota SUV, Dorgi, Singay, and I headed to Bhutan’s capital, Thimphu, where we would do some sightseeing and spend the night. With an elevation reaching 8,688 feet (2,648 meters), Thimphu is the fifth-highest capital city in the world. Thimphu’s blend of the modern world with Bhutanese tradition is what makes this city so unique. Crimson-robed monks chatting on cell phones, hip coffee shops offering any kind of coffee or tea your heart desires juxtaposed with farmers herding their cattle across the one and only “highway” to graze, are all common sights you will see in Thimphu. It is also the only capital city and country in the world without traffic lights. Instead, they have a neatly dressed traffic guard directing traffic down Bhutan’s original “highway” with white-gloved hands.

 Thimphu, Bhutan

View looking down at Thimphu, Bhutan’s capital and largest city with approximately 130,000 residents. 

As we drove along Bhutan’s east-west Highway, Singay told me a bit about himself and his background. He grew up in Thimphu, alongside his older sister and younger brother with his parents.

He was a bright child and student, earning good marks in school, which afforded him the opportunity to study at a university in Germany. After a challenging year of learning German and taking university-level courses in a new language, Singay returned to Bhutan, disheartened, to finish his degree in Business Administration. During a stint working in tourism as a translator for German tourists coming to Bhutan, Singay realized he had found something special.

I feel my best when I am outside connected to nature, culture, and tradition,” Singay explained.  While his friends continued on to become doctors and engineers, he knew he was different. A life behind a desk was not what he wanted.

As a tour guide, I am able to preserve our culture by sharing it with guests like you,” Singay tells me.  “I am grateful to have my wife and my family’s support to follow my passion”.

It was not until the end of the trip that Singay explained in detail the Buddhist Wheel of Life.

As one of Bhutan’s few German-speaking guides, the demand for Singay’s guiding services skyrocketed.  Then the pandemic hit bringing tourism to a close and leaving many including Singay out of work. Around this time, His Majesty the King had the vision to revitalize the 500-year-old Trans Bhutan Trail that had been left in disuse for over 60 years. The restoration and revival of this ancient rugged 403-kilometer trail through some of the most pristine nature and remote communities of Bhutan provided work to over 900 Bhutanese, including Singay.

As trail inspector for the Trans Bhutan Trail Organization, Singay and another fellow guide were the first to complete the entire trail before it reopened this past fall to the public. I was thrilled to be in such good hands!

As we begin our tour of Thimphu, Singay said he worries that in the next few years Bhutan, as it is today, will have been completely lost due to modernization. Bhutan has witnessed more change and modernization in the past 60 years than it has in centuries. The tiny kingdom that is sandwiched between China and India was almost completely isolated and closed off from the world until the first paved road was constructed in 1961, connecting 175 kilometers from Phuentsholing to Thimphu. Before the road was built, it took ten days to walk across rugged, ancient trails.  Access to print media, mail services, radio, and television followed along with the opening of Bhutan to tourism.

The next generation isn’t as interested in tradition and the past, Singay tells me. Instead, they are influenced by TV and the internet. As a tour guide, I have a very important role for our country and our guests. I am a Cultural Ambassador. I am working to preserve Bhutan’s unique culture and heritage.

Singay’s words resonated as I had read a lot about the rapid change facing Bhutan, which was a big reason why I wanted to see the country as soon as I could. While the government has received some pushback concerning the hefty $200 per day sustainable development tax that each international visitor must pay to visit Bhutan, I understood the tax more after visiting Bhutan. It is not only a way to keep tourism numbers lower, but it is also a way to ensure the money produced by tourism goes back into the country and is reinvested in important programs such as healthcare, education, and sustainability measures. With a population of roughly 800,000 people and 70% of the country preserved as forests, I can see what is at stake if Bhutan becomes the next Iceland or Venice. Overtourism could destroy the beauty and culture of this magical place that still very few foreigners are fortunate to see.

Click on each photo to enlarge and for a description

One of the best ways to explore a country is through its cuisine. in Thimphu, make sure to make a visit to the large farmer’s market where you will see spices, incense, red chilies, dried pork, yak cheese, and more. 

Over the next nine days, I would learn a lot about this unique country thanks to Singay.  I would soon discover there was quite an advantage in going to Bhutan only two months after it opened after one of the longest pandemic closures in the world. During the entire time I was there, I saw only four tourists and on most nights I was the only tourist in the hotel.

On my last day, Singay told me that I was officially the last guest of the year on the Trans Bhutan Trail and that meant something special.



  1. First, happy New Year, Nicole. Great to see you back. Did you just do this trip at the end of last year? Sounds fascinating but $200/day added on to all other costs? Yikes!! I look forward to reading more and seeing more photos of this beautiful place. How did you decide to go there?


    1. Happy New Year to you as well! Yes, I was able to sneak this trip in by December of 2022. I had wanted to do this for ten years, ever since I went to Nepal. It was a goal to do by 50 but then the pandemic hit and everything else. When I heard it was reopening, I jumped on it and after weeks of research I found someone finally to take me. So it was a long term dream of mine. Yes, the $200 per day is a lot however when I think of the cost of skiing in Colorado it actually is nothing like that. Bhutan is very inexpensive overall. It used to be $250 that contributed to the sustainable development tax and included all your accommodations, food and guide. However, only $65 of that went to the sustainable development fee which supports things like free education, healthcare and also training initiatives for guides, people in tourism, and more.

      I ended up paying more like $400 per day with my guide, hotel, food, driver and sustainable development fee which is a lot yet like I said a ticket to ski Vail is $200 per day, plus lodging and car and food is way more expansive of a trip skiing than it is in Bhutan. So it is very expensive but for me, it was something I had wanted to do for a long time. Bhutan is trying very hard to keep tourism low and is experimenting with the sustainable development fee. I have no idea if and when it will change. I imagine it will someday but it is a balance on how they are trying to keep the country’s culture, history and nature without the negative impacts of over tourism. I will say it worked as I saw only four people the entire nine days I was there. Nothing ever like that before when I’ve traveled.

      1. It was! And I am so grateful I was able to do it. I am having hip surgery on March 1 so I barely got it in! 🙂 Life is filled with adventure, isn’t it?!

  2. This post brings back some sweet memories from my trip to Bhutan in 2018. I loved every single moment and thing there: the fresh air, the unique architecture, the food, the clean rivers, even the gho (I got to try it and quite liked it). However, as I read more news articles about the country after that trip, I learned about the challenges it faces. I can understand Singay’s concerns about the future of his homeland. Change is inevitable, but I hope Bhutan’s modernization will bring more benefits than disadvantages.

    1. I am really glad I got to visit when I did. It was actually pretty crazy as I only had other tourists staying at my hotel one out of 8 nights! The rest of the trip I really didn’t see anyone. I know it was because they just opened up and on such late notice. It was quite nice. I wonder what will become of Bhutan in the next ten-twenty years. I am sure there will be a lot of change. Thanks for stopping by. I enjoyed your posts on Bhutan!

  3. Sounds like a really special trip, Nicole, with the new trail, your own guide and driver, and from what I can tell, good weather! It’s such an admirable little country, and I love their insistence on taking overall happiness into account when they make policy decisions. The tax is high, but I think they are wise to use it to protect their pristine country from excessive tourism. Glad you squeezed it in before you have surgery! (And good luck with that.)

    1. Thanks Lexi! It was quite wonderful. I do love their insistence on global national happiness as well. I did find a certain level of peace among most people I met. I hope you are doing well yourself. Any fun travels in 2023? Thanks for the well wishes!

  4. Hi Nicole,
    thanks for your post which reminds on my trip to Bhutan about seven years ago.
    Wishing you a heathy and happy new year and may your hip surgery will go well.
    All the best
    The Fab Four of Cley
    🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂

    1. Thank you for checking my post out! I bet it was wonderful visiting Bhutan seven years ago. Glad I got to go and thanks for the well wishes. 🙂

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.